Ideograph (Zhi3 shi4 zi4)
Also referred to as a simple indicative, Ideograph usually describes an abstract concept. It’s a mixture of indicators, or adds a sign with a pictograph. For example, a short horizontal bar on top of the circular arc signifies a perception of up or on top of. Another example: placing an indicative horizontal bar within the lower part of a pictogram for wood, bakes an ideograph for “root”. Like pictograms, the quantity of this category may also be small, under 2 percent.
Logical aggregates (Hui4 yi4 zi1)
It’s a combination of pictograms to represent a meaning, rather like telling somewhat story. A pictograph for person round the playing a pictogram for wood round the right comprises a aggregate for “relaxation”. This story-telling formation is pretty better to understand, yet nearly all aggregates are actually awesome into phonetic compounds, or just altered by them.
Pictophonetic compounds (Xing2 sheng1 zi4)
Also referred to as semantic-phonetic compounds, similar to the name indicates, character maker combines a semantic element getting a phonetic element, while using meaning in a single as well as the phonetics within the other. For instance, the level of smoothness for ocean getting a pronunciation of yang2 is a mixture of a semantic classifier meaning “water” while using phonetic component yang2, mentioning to goat or sheep alone. This last quantity of figures could be the greatest in modern Chinese, creating around 90% of Chinese figures.
The brilliance of phonetic-compounds inside the first three groups is dependant on its phonetic components, for several a product and concept take time and effort to share through photographs or ideograms, which is link with the level of smoothness pronunciation helps Chinese vocabulary stretches significantly quicker than logical aggregates. Therefore, most lately created figures take this more scientific formation approach.
However, inside the centuries evolution, china language has transported out this kind of great change, that lots of pictophonetic compounds don’t pronounce becasue character maker is phonetic elements anymore, as well as the semantic components appear even not strongly related its current meaning. Only when comprehending the origin and evolution in the character, you’ll be able to understand its formation. For example, the phonetic-compound for cargo or goods takes the level of smoothness for covering since the semantic element, and that’s because shells used to be a medium of exchange in ancient China, like the currency.
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